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What is a Microvascular disease essay

What is a Microvascular disease? In order to define Microvascular disease you must know what the term "Microvascular" means. Microvascular is related to all the smallest blood vessels in the human body and has an internal diameter of at most 100 microns. As thin as if not thinner than hair. Microvascular is in contract with Macrovascular. Now that we understand the term “Microvascular” we can get into defining Microvascular Disease, this is a disease of the finer blood vessels in the body including the capillaries. Small vessel disease is not the same as coronary artery disease (CAD). Coronary artery disease affects the large vessels in your heart. They carry oxygen rich blood to your heart. Coronary Artery Disease is caused by a buildup of a fatty substance (plaque) in your large vessels. When your heart lacks blood and oxygen, you can have a heart attack. Microvascular disease causes complications all over the body. Such signs of Microvascular disease may be described as mild, moderate, or severe/extensive, depending on how widespread they are. It affects the walls and inner lining of tiny coronaries, as well as causes changes to the small blood vessels, blood circulation, oxygen circulation, and one of the causes is from plaque build up in the arteries.
There are three questions we ask about this disease, which are, the what, who and how; What does this impact? Who does this impact? How does this impact? By answering these three questions you will understand why it is so important for us to pay attention to it.
We ask ourselves, What does this disease impact? This disease impacts the way you live your everyday life. Studies have shown that the three main parts of the body that get impacted the worst are the Brain, Heart and Legs; The most important parts of your body, but that still does not mean that the rest of your body is safe from being impacted.
The Brain has many small vessels and this makes it the second most important organ in the body, first of course being the heart. The damage caused by microvascular disease impacts both deep gray and white matter structures in the brain. These perforating vessels are essential for maintaining optimal functioning of the brain’s most metabolically active nuclei and complex white matter networks. In many cases, small vessel disease in the brain seems to be a consequence of atherosclerosis affecting the smaller blood vessels that nourish brain tissue. Just as one's larger blood vessels in the heart or elsewhere can accumulate plaque, inflammation, and chronic damage over the years, so can the smaller blood vessels. Many older adults, especially those with a mild form of the disease, have no symptoms even though there are areas of damage in the brain. This is called “Silent” disease. Up to 20% of healthy elderly people had silent damage in their brain, most of which was caused by small vessel disease (Microvascular disease). Overall, older adults with any of the problems listed above have a high probability of having small vessel disease in the brain. Even though you may not notice any symptoms, you may have subtle changes in your thinking and physical abilities. You can go your whole entire life with not realizing that you have been living with this disease in your brain. Then again, if catching this disease in the brain and it is left untreated, it can cause; Strokes, loss of thinking, problems with walking and balancing and even depression. The presence of small vessel disease in the brain hampers recovery in patients who have suffered a stroke. Not only does it result in stroke and cognitive impairment in a significant proportion of older patients, but it is an important component of the senile plaques found in patients with Alzheimer's disease. As might be expected from these statements, Microvascular disease is a major etiologic factor in dementia. If brain imaging modalities reveal microvascular disease, there is a high probability that the condition is also affecting in variable combinations the retina, the kidneys, the heart, the lungs, and the musculoskeletal system, in fact, every organ that is perfused at a high rate of flow. All these problems are caused if the smallest vessels in your body decide to act up. Signs that show evidence of a person who might be diagnosed with this disease in the brain are, but not limited to; Difficulty thinking, problems focusing, memory loss, difficulty sleeping and changes in bladder habits.
The heart is one of the other and the most important organs this disease impacts. Microvascular disease in the heart affects the walls and inner lining of tiny coronary artery blood vessels that branch off from larger coronary arteries. The reason it is so important when diagnosed in the heart is because if found in the heart it causes heart attacks, shortness of breath, heart failure, coronary artery spasm, etc. If left untreated, Microvascular disease forces your heart to work harder to pump blood. Study shows women more frequently develop this disease in the heart and it occurs particularly in younger women and they are more likely to get a microvascular disease dealing with the heart if they have lower than normal estrogen levels at any point in their adult lives. Two to three million women in the United States have microvascular disease in the heart, and there are 90,000 new cases each year. Although this disease is known, it is a challenge to diagnose in the heart. Diagnosing microvascular disease in the heart has been rough for doctors. Standard tests used to diagnose heart disease are not designed to detect microvascular disease in the heart. So much research is needed to find the best diagnostic tests and treatments for the disease. When a patient is showing signs of microvascular disease it usually starts with chest pain, shortness of breath, excessive sweating and arm and shoulder pain. Most people who have small vessel disease notice symptoms in their daily routine. All signs found in the heart are signs of a possible heart attack. Because of these signs and symptoms there are so many more options on what the patient can be experiencing and doctors don’t always attempt to rule out the disease leaving the patient untreated for it. Up until about a decade ago, patients with microvascular disease symptoms, but with no evidence of blockages in their larger coronary arteries, posed a medical mystery for doctors. In result, patients can continue to worsen with wondering why doctors have not figured out what is wrong with them. When a doctor sees an angiogram with wide open arteries, he or she may assume that symptoms like chest pain, shortness of breath, light-headedness, diffuse discomfort in the chest or unusual exhaustion are caused by something other than Microvascular disease. If the doctor isn't familiar with microvascular disease, it's unlikely that additional tests will be ordered. Most times, in order to figure out if you are having this problem, a specialist must take a look at you.
Microvascular Disease can play a huge impact on the leg of a patient. This disease can cause leg amputations no matter where on the body this disease is found, according to new study. This requires close observation and care of their feet to detect soreness and injuries early to promote healing and reduce amputation. The reason behind this is due to the fact that blood circulation has a huge impact on this disease. With poor circulation running through the body, the legs are the last place blood will be going towards. If blood does not go towards the legs or if very little blood goes, healing will not be possible and if healing is not possible, infections can not be fought appropriately leading to the infections to spread through the legs. This disease is possible to diagnose on the feet as well as the legs with the help of a specialist. Many people spend years going undiagnosed and some never are. When this happens patients tend to start feeling tingling and numbness, cramping and leg pain. It is important to get an early diagnosis due to the fact that if you have this disease in your legs, there is a chance that with the use of medication, it can help not worsen the disease. It will not completely heal it unfortunately.
Since this disease is so dangerous, who does this impact the most? Study shows patients with high blood pressure and high cholesterol are at risk as well as patients who use tobacco and who are overweight. That’s not it though, diabetics are at a higher risk of them all. In this case, high blood glucose levels cause the endothelial cells lining the blood vessels to take in more glucose than normal. They then form more glycoproteins on their surface than normal, and also cause the basement membrane in the vessel wall to grow abnormally thicker and weaker. Therefore they bleed, leak protein, and slow the flow of blood through the body. Because the flow of blood is already slowed down due to diabetes, microvascular disease can completely shut down the circulation on some parts of the body.
Knowing what we know about the microvascular disease now, do we believe this disease is deadly? Yes, this disease is a fatal disease and It is important for people with a personal or family history of circulatory problems to be alert to any changes suggesting poor circulation, so that they can take steps before damage occurs. Prevention, through dietary changes and other steps, is also important. Surgery is not an option because the vessels are so small. Medicine can help control the narrowing of your small blood vessels. It also can help control your symptoms, such as pain and high blood pressure. Nitroglycerin, is a medication used to help control chest pain for this disease. It does not cure it, only calms it.
Microvascular disease can not only ruin people's lives, it can also cause a huge impact on family and friends around them. With this disease rising every year it is important people do what they can to minimize it. This includes losing weight if you are overweight. Being overweight means your heart has to work harder than what it already does. Quitting tobacco products will also help defend against it by letting your body recover and allowing healthy oxygen in.
In conclusion, microvascular disease is a serious disease that complicates blood circulation, oxygen circulation and much more. The three major parts of the body that get impacted, but not limited to are the brain, heart and legs. While the Brain being the easiest to diagnose, it is still extremely dangerous due to the harm it can do, which are strokes, depression, etc. The heart is the most difficult to diagnose, making it the most dangerous, causing heart failures and heart attacks. That said, females have a greater chance of getting microvascular disease in the heart. If not checked on, you are at high risk of a leg amputation no matter where the disease can be diagnosed, but if diagnosed in the legs makes you a high risk. Because of all the similar symptoms it gives us, a lot of doctors who are not as familiar with the small blood vessels ignore it and decide the problem is coming from somewhere else, for example, heart burns, resulting in medication that will not help and can even worsen the disease. Because this disease is so new to scientists and physicians, there are very limited procedures that can be done. So as of right now in 2020 there is no surgery that can fix this problem. New information comes out every year for this new disease which will help doctors in the future, but as of now we can only continue to learn more about it and experiment new things. The best way to minimize your chances of catching this disease is by staying healthy and doing your regular annual check ups with your primary physician. Making sure we are mentioning anything unusual we may have been experiencing from mood changes to bladder problems and not hiding any signs. Little problems like that can go a long way in your life. I came across a website called I was surprised to find there many topics for exemplification essay. No need to pay to read them.

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